The five main latitude regions of Earth’s surface comprise geographical zones,[1] divided by the major circles of latitude. The differences between them relate to climate. They are as follows:

1. The North Frigid Zone, between the North Pole at 90° N and the Arctic Circle at 66° 33′ N, covers 4.12% of Earth’s surface.
2. The North Temperate Zone, between the Arctic Circle at 66° 33′ N and the Tropic of Cancer at 23° 27′ N, covers 25.99% of Earth’s surface.
3. The Torrid Zone, between the Tropic of Cancer at 23° 27′ N and the Tropic of Capricorn at 23° 27′ S, covers 39.78% of Earth’s surface.
4. The South Temperate Zone, between the Tropic of Capricorn at 23° 27′ S and the Antarctic Circle at 66° 33′ S, covers 25.99% of Earth’s surface.
5. The South Frigid Zone, from the Antarctic Circle at 66° 33′ S and the South Pole at 90° S, covers 4.12% of Earth’s surface.